The Center for Disease, Control and Prevention has issued a warning on the possible threat to human life by a bug known as triatomine or popularly called the “kissing” bug.
This bug is known to transmit in humans a deadly parasite called trypanosoma cruzi that is a known cause of Chagas disease.
The Chagas disease is believed to affect over 8 million people world over.
The disease is however prevalent in Latin America and is known to lead to cardiovascular problems and eventually to death.
The symptoms of Chagas disease occur barely two months after an infection and they include;
– enlarged lymph glands
– muscle pain
– difficulty breathing
Chagas disease comes in two phases, the first phase shows few symptoms but the second stage the symptoms are much more evident.
The symptoms of Chagas disease are similar to that of the flu in the first phase of the disease and so they can quite easily be mistaken as the flu.
As the symptoms become more prevalent and victims enter into the second phase of the disease they may have a purplish swelling on an eyelid or skin lesions.
It is also reported that about 30% of victims encounter cardiovascular problems while 10% of sufferers experience digestive issues in the second phase of the disease.
The bad news is Chagas disease has no known immunization as of yet, however the good news is that it is treatable, provided the disease is detected early on sufferers are guaranteed a full recovery.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has issued a statement that as a precaution people should use insecticide in their homes on occasion and they should ensure that they observe good personal cleanliness and hygiene always.
The kissing bug actually defecates at the site of a bite, so if the victim rubs the site of the bite he is at risk of spreading the disease and at a higher risk of an infection as the fecal deposits of the bug infects the site of the bite with the deadly trypanosoma cruzi parasite.
As mentioned earlier this bug in predominantly in Latin America, so North America is not at risk of the infection and that includes the state of New York.