Before reading about vitamin B12, check if you have any of the following symptoms:
– Lack of coordination and balance
– Upset stomach
– Lack of breath and rapid heartbeat
– Pale looking skin
– Light-headedness, tiredness and fatigue
– Hallucinations, depression, mania and irritability
– Tingling and numbness of the feet and hands
– Lack of concentration and memory
– Abnormal weight loss
– Soreness of the tongue
– Bleeding gums and easy bruising
If you experience many of these symptoms, you may be suffering from deficiency of vitamin B12.
The importance of vitamin B12:
Vitamin B 12 helps in creating DNA. It protects the nerves and blood cells. It prevents megaloblastic anemia. This type of anemia, when found in a person, makes them tired all the time.
The process by which the body absorbs vitamin B 12 involves 2 steps. Firstly the hydrochloric acid in the stomach separates the vitamin from the protein. Then, an intrinsic factor combines with the vitamin to help it in its absorption. Thos suffering from pernicious anemia, do not produce the intrinsic factor. Hence they are not able to absorb vitamin B 12 in their body.
Vitamin B12 deficiency
People above the age of 60 frequently suffer from its deficiency. Because the lower limit of this deficiency has been kept too low, most deficient people go undiagnosed.
Vitamin B12 intake
Enough vitamin B12 can be obtained from the diet. But people may not absorb it in sufficient quantities. So getting your vitamin B 12 levels tested is very important.
Some of the people who may not absorb it are:
– Those above the age of 50. This is because they may not be producing enough hydrochloric acid in their stomachs.
– Those suffering from pernicious anemia. Such people have to be given high doses of vitamin B12 orally.
– Those suffering from Chrohn’s disease or ciliac disease.
– Those who have undergone weight loss surgery.
– Vegetarians also have his deficiency since most of the vitamin B 12 is found in animal products.
– When breastfeeding mother’s who are vegetarian, their babies can also be deficient.
Vitamin B 12 rich food:
Animal products are rich in vitamin b 12. Fortified plant food has vitamin b 12. Eat the following in case you are deficient:
– Eggs, meat, milk
– Dairy products
– Fish, poultry
– Beef liver
– Fortified foods
When is it necessary to get yourself tested for vitamin B12:
– People above 60 years of age.
– Neurological problems
– Alzheimer’s disease
– Bipolar disorder, schizophrenia
– Confusion and disorientation
– Autistic children
– Eating disorders
– Autoimmune disorders
– Gastric surgery patients
– Gastrointestinal and pancreatic disorders
– Breastfeeding mothers who are deficient in vitamin b12 should get their children tested
– Those with balance issues, tingling and numbness
– Using metformin
– Those with vascular disorders
Hat to do when you are deficient:
Since this vitamin is easily soluble in water, you can solve the problem easily. Oral intake is recommended. Injections can also be given. Consult your doctor about which form you should be taking.
They are found in a lot of foods mentioned above. If you do not eat such foods, start using multivitamin tablets regularly to avoid the deficiency.
Source: Choose Healthy Life