The sebaceous cyst is a medical condition that occurs in the skin. The visual symptoms include accumulation of a cheese like substance on the epidermis. The sebaceous glands secrete oil which is used to lubricate our skin and oil. Once the gland stops to function, the oil production is stopped and our skin gets affected, as there is a waxy, cheese like substance that is accumulated in the skin. This is also known as the epidermoid cyst and keratin cyst.
Where does the cyst form?
The cyst is usually formed in:
However, there are rare instances of women being affected with this cyst in their genitalia and this causes discomfort in here.
So how do patients describe this?
People that are affected by the cyst say that it is usually painless and grows slowly. It is also movable.
What are the symptoms of this cyst?
The earliest and most visible symptoms are when the cyst is tender, red or sore. It is warm and has a cheesy fluid that is grayish white and foul smelling, oozing out of it. This cyst also induces abscess formation. If you try to remove thee cyst incorrectly then there is chance that it can recur. If it is ruptured then it forms a boil like formation in the skin. Although people prefer to treat the cyst on their own it is very important that a doctor is consulted, as they can perform a diagnosis like a biopsy. Biopsy will help rule out other possibilities.
Why do these cysts form?
The first and foremost reason is because of the failure of the sebaceous gland to secret oil, which causes a sac formation in the skin. This cyst in the skin starts to accumulate a yellowish liquid which has a bad odor. Testosterone levels are directly linked to the functioning of the gland, so any increase in hormones will directly impact the sebaceous gland.
Another reason for the condition to appear is the damage to hair follicles. Gardner’s syndrome and acne can also lead to the cyst formation. The condition is associated with Caucasian American people and has lesser occurrences in African and Asian people.
Two other factors that can cause this condition are excessive use of makeup and also environmental pollution.
So how do we treat this ailment?
The first step in treating this skin condition is to avoid using cosmetics that may be harmful to your skin. Reducing sunrays exposure to your skin is also essential. It is important that the cyst is not touched or squeezed unnecessarily, as there is chance that an infection might occur. If any skin care products are used it is essential that a non-comodogenic labeled product is used, as it doesn’t clog the pores in the skin.
Physicians and doctors would advise consuming injections of triamcinolone acetonide or corticosteroids so that there is no increase in inflammation. Sometimes a minor surgery like an incision is one so that the cyst is cut and the liquid is drained out. But this might cause recurrence. Infections can be avoided by consuming some oral antibiotics.
There are some home remedies that can be used to treat the cyst as well. The best method is to apply a heating pad for fifteen to twenty minutes on the cyst. This is done twice a day and is repeated for ten continuous days. The heating pad should be constantly cleaned and sterilized. Touching the cyst should be avoided and this portion of the skin should be washed with an antibacterial soap so that it doesn’t spread across the skin.
How can the cyst be removed?
The best way to treat the cyst is to remove the cyst. The most effective method is performing a minor excision. Anti-inflammatory medicines are to be consumed before removing the cyst as there is a chance that it may not be properly removed otherwise. A Local anesthesia is administered and then the doctor begins the incision by cutting through the cyst. It is important that all precautions are taking before the incision as if not performed correctly, the incision could cause scarring. Nowadays the preferred method of removing the cyst is through laser treatment, although this is usually advised for cysts in the groin or face.